Law of maritime
Law of maritime

Law of maritime

Law of maritime

From the United Kingdom the word "maritime" we have adoption into Indonesia "maritim" containing the sense of things related to marine, shipping and kenavigasian.
The year 1966 we have the maritime Department where there is sea transportation functions in it, the function of the maritime industry and marine resource management functions, which manage and take care of the shipping industry, sea transportation and industry Fisheries and other marine-related activities. Our country is often called the maritime countries, as Indonesia has a geographically broader territorial waters from inland areas and is located at position overlooking the two oceans that is the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

The statement is actually less precise, as in the international world in General that called the State maritime (Maritime Countries) is the State – a State that is already advanced in the field of shipping, means having the majority of the world's ocean freight fleet and mastering the trade by sea, so that the items of income derived from services trade balance marine transportation and marine resources. So the sense of thalassocracy leaning more on the economic aspects and not on the territorial aspect. For example which is a maritime country is Western Europe, United Kingdom, United States and Japan that ruled the world cruise by sea as well as a master of technology management of marine resources.

Maritime Law is the governing law on the cruise in the sense of maritime transport and related activities with a cruise or kenavigasian, both of which include the civil law as well as public law. In accordance with the Law Dictionary "Black's Law Dictionary", that maritime law it is the body of law governing marine navigation, commerce and the transportation of persons ad property and marine affairs in general; the rules governing contract, tort and workers ' compensation claims arising out of commerce on or over water. Also termed admiralty law (Black's Law Dictionary, Seventh Edtion/Bryan a. Garner, Editor In Chief of pages 982). That in this sense does not include the law of the sea in the sense of tthe Law of the Sea.

The law of the sea in the sense of the Law of the Sea as contained in The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea 1982, that the sea along with the potential contained within them as belonging together of mankind (the common heritage of mankind) where the sea as object ditaur by not including the country level of the Cruiser (landlock countries).

The law of the sea in the broad sense is the law governing the world cruise and the conditions governing the sea in various aspects and functions of both provisions contained in book II KUHD nor legal provisions associated with some of the law of the Sea Convention International. As noted in the UNCLOS that signed in Montego Bay year 1982.
The law of the sea In a narrow sense, namely the limited provisions of the conditions set forth in book II with the title KUHD rights and obligations stemming from the cruise, with emphasis in the laws governing the carriage of goods and people by sea. So the law of the Sea this is the law of the sea which includes the field of commercial law as lex spesialist which forms part of the civil law as the lex generalist.

The law of the sea is the governing law of the sea as an object which is set by considering all aspects of the life and interest of all countries including the countries bordering the sea is physically (Landlock Countries) to the utilization of the sea with all the potential contained in it to the human race as set forth in UNCLOS 1982, along with the Convention-Convention the Internatioanal directly related to him.

Maritime law is the law governing the carriage of goods within the meaning of the cruise and people by sea, kenavigasian, and shipping activities as a means/mode of sea transport including safety aspects as well as activities that are directly related to trade by sea under civil law/trademark nor under public law. 

But that does not mean there is no relationship at all between the maritime law with the law of the sea in the sense of the Law of the Sea because several articles of the Law of the Sea such as article 91 and article 92, 94 with regard to the law on nationality of ships, registration of ships and obligations of the flag State to oversee the ships that fly the flag of that country, is included in maritime law.
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